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c4f0c62c2d Royal begums, along with the families of Mughal amirs, were finally brought over from Kabul to India at the time according to Akbar's vizier, Abul Fazl, "so that men might become settled and be restrained in some measure from departing to a country to which they were accustomed". Akbar had firmly declared his intentions that the Mughals were in India to stayFurther, newer generations of the Mughal line represented a merger of Mughal and Rajput blood, thereby strengthening ties between the twoMughal India developed a strong and stable economy, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of cultureIn September 1579 Jesuits from Goa were invited to visit the court of Akbar. The emperor had his scribes translate the New Testament, and granted the Jesuits freedom to preach the Gospel. One of his sons (Sultan Murad Mirza) was entrusted to Antoni de Montserrat for his education. While debating at the court the Jesuits did not confine themselves to the exposition of their own beliefs, but reviled Islam and MuhammadCalcutta, Asiatic Society of BengalHe removed the Jazia tax from Jain pilgrim places like Palitana. Santichandra, disciple of Suri, was sent to the Emperor, who in turn left his disciples Bhanuchandra and Siddhichandra in the courtArchived from the original on 2008-05-27See also
^ Gmez, Oscar RFollowing a brief confrontation, however, Muhammad Hakim accepted Akbar's supremacy and retreated back to Kabul.Akbar accepted the offer of diplomacy, but the Portuguese continually acknowledged their authority and power in the Indian Ocean, in fact Akbar was highly concerned when he had to request a permit from the Portuguese before any ships from the Mughal Empire were to depart for the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina. In 1573, he issued a firman directing Mughal administrative officials in Gujarat not to provoke the Portuguese in the territory they held in Daman^ Ali 2006, p.94 ^ a b Majumdar 1984, p.153 ^ Ali 2006, pp.327328 ^ Majumdar 1984, p.154 ^ Majumdar 1984, pp.154155 ^ Majumdar 1984, pp.153154 ^ Ali 2006, p.327 ^ Majumdar 1984, p.155 ^ Smith 1917, p.292 ^ Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume III: A Century of AdvanceDuring this period Akbar even financed the pilgrimages of many poor Muslims from the Mughal Empire and also funded the foundations of the Qadiriyya Sufi Order's dervish lodge in the Hijaz. The Mughals eventually set out for Surat and their return was assisted by the Ottoman Pasha in Jeddah. Because of Akbar's attempts to build Mughal presence in Mecca and Medina, the local Sharif's began to have more confidence in the financial support provided by Mughal Empire, this lessened their dependency upon Ottoman bounty. Mughal-Ottoman trade also flourished during this period, in fact merchants loyal to Akbar are known to have reached and sold spices, dyestuff, cotton and shawls in the bazaars of Aleppo after arriving and journeying upriver through the port of Basra.Akbar was said to have been a wise emperor and a sound judge of characterIt is stated that the book took seven years to be completed and the original manuscripts contained a number of paintings supporting the texts, and all the paintings represented the Mughal school of painting, and work of masters of the imperial workshop, including Basawan, whose use of portraiture in its illustrations was an innovation in Indian art.However, the power equation between the two had now changed in favour of the Mughals.Akbar practised several Hindu customs